1. Regina v. V.D.W.N. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Red Deer – January 2018]

V.D.W.N. was the driver and sole occupant of his truck in downtown Sylvan Lake, Alberta. An astute uniformed member of the RCMP drove past V.D.W.N. and noticed that the truck had an inoperative headlamp and that V.D.W.N. wasn’t wearing a seatbelt. The Mountie pulled a U-turn, pursued and stopped V.D.W.N. According to the Mountie, as he approached the rear of V.D.W.N.’s truck he could smell a strong odour of fresh marihuana. As the Mountie approached the open driver’s window of …

2. Regina v. L.R.K. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Lethbridge – January 2018]

L.R.K.’s only “crime” was to have a significant other who was the target of a sophisticated drug investigation that extended over several months. Not once during the course of the police investigation was L.R.K. ever found to be engaged in remotely suspicious let alone unlawful activity. Information gleaned by way of a multitude of confidential informants and protracted police surveillance led inexorably to only one conclusion – L.R.K. was NOT involved in illegal activity.   On the day of the …

3. Regina v. E.M.M. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Canmore – January 2018]

E.M.M. is a young professional from abroad with tentative legal status in Canada. Following an evening of alcohol fueled festivity, E.M.M. endeavored to walk home in moving traffic with several equally inebriated friends – they didn’t fare well. The police approached E.M.M. and ultimately arrested him for causing a disturbance and escorted him to the RCMP detachment. During the course of processing at the lock-up, the police seized a quantity of cocaine from E.M.M. As a consequence of the seizure, …

4. Regina v. R.U.N. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – February 2018]

The police were in the midst of an ongoing drug investigation when R.U.N. surfaced during surveillance as a potential target. One investigative thing ultimately led to another resulting in the execution of a Warrant to Search on R.U.N.’s residence and a corresponding search of his BMW. As a consequence of a search of R.U.N.’s bedroom the police seized a relatively large amount of cocaine and an assault rifle. A search of the BMW revealed the presence of multiple individually wrapped …

5. Regina v. B.A.G. [Court of Queen’ s Bench of Alberta, Calgary – March 2018]

This is another RCMP “Pipeline” case. At approximately 2:00 a.m. B.A.G. was driving his vehicle back to Calgary from B.C. on Highway #1. B.A.G. was pulled over by an RCMP highway patrolman just east of the entrance way to Banff National Park. The reason given by the Mountie for the stop was . . . “speeding”. Well one thing led to another at roadside and ultimately the Mountie decided to arrest B.A.G. for possession of a controlled substance. The Mountie’s …

6. Regina v. G.J.M. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – March 2018]

  The Calgary Police Service (“CPS”) Drug Unit received information from a reliable confidential source that G.J.M. and a multitude of others were actively involved in a “Dial-a-Dope” cocaine trafficking enterprise. Fixed with this information, the police deployed an undercover team to arrange a meeting with G.J.M. to facilitate a cocaine transaction. The efforts of the police in this regard were successful and an undercover officer purchased street level quantities of cocaine from G.J.M. on at least 3 separate occasions …

7. Regina v. N.S.N. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – June 2018]

In the Spring of 2016 the CPS Gang Enforcement Team (“GET”) targeted N.S.N. as a potential drug trafficker. After conducting protracted surveillance of N.S.N. the police came to associate him and his alleged drug trafficking activity with a condominium in Airdrie. As part of the investigation the police installed a covert camera in the hallway just outside N.S.N.’s condominium – the police did not obtain judicial authorization to install the covert hallway camera. The state of the law across this …

8. Regina v. K.S.R. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – July 2018]

K.S.R. was the target of a “dynamic take-down” by the Calgary Police Service (“CPS”). Specifically, the police stopped K.S.R.’s Range Rover and ordered K.S.R. at gunpoint to exit the vehicle. According to the police, they had information which led them to believe that K.S.R. may be armed and dangerous. After a brief stand-off, K.S.R. exited the vehicle whereupon he was immediately apprehended, taken-down and arrested. According to the police they detected the strong scent of fresh marihuana emanating from the …

9. Regina v. R.Q.R. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – July 2018]

R.Q.R. was driving his vehicle when the police apparently noticed that he failed to signal a lane change. Consequently, the police stopped R.Q.R. and requested his license, registration and insurance. As R.Q.R. reached to retrieve the documentation, the police observed a bag of crack cocaine hanging out of his left jacket pocket. Not surprisingly, the police immediately arrested R.Q.R. for possession of crack cocaine and conducted a search of his person and vehicle incidental to that arrest. As a consequence …

10. Regina v. K.E.E. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – July 2018]

K .E.E. became the target of a police drug trafficking investigation back in September 2016. During the period extending from September 2016 until early December 2016 the police engaged in ongoing surveillance of K.E.E. and his associates. Specifically, not only did the police observe K.E.E. engaged in a multitude of meetings of short duration consistent (in the opinion of the police) with drug trafficking but they actually apprehended persons meeting with K.E.E. As a consequence of those apprehensions, the police …

11. Regina v. AMB [Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta (Calgary) – October, 2018]

The Calgary Police Service (“CPS”) Drug Unit engaged in a lengthy sophisticated investigation into the alleged drug trafficking activities of AMB and various other targets involving heroin, cocaine and fentanyl. In November 2016 an undercover officer of the CPS met with AMB and purchased a street quantity of heroin. AMB was not arrested immediately after the drug transaction as the police were concerned that such an arrest would compromise their investigation of a multitude of other targets. The investigation concluded …