1. Regina v. WDW [Provincial Court of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon – March 2019]

In April 2018 the Saskatoon Police Service (“SPS”) commenced an investigation into the alleged drug trafficking activities of a local target we’ll call NNN. The police conducted surveillance on NNN throughout April and May 2018 during which they observed meetings of short duration consistent with (in the opinion of the police) drug trafficking. Towards the end of May 2018 the police, while conducting surveillance on NNN, watched him return to his home in downtown Saskatoon. NNN then left his home …

2. Regina v. LPJ [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – April 2019]

In June 2018 at approximately 9:00 a.m. a uniformed member of the Calgary Police Service (“CPS”) initiated a traffic stop of a vehicle a vehicle being driven by LPJ. When the police conducted a CPIC check on LPJ, they noted that he had existing bail conditions which prohibited him from possessing a cellular phone. When the police returned to LPJ’s vehicle they observed a cellular phone on the front console. When the police asked LPJ to step out of the …

3. Regina v. HHW [Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta, Calgary – April 2019]

HHW was the primary target of a drug investigation conducted by members of the Calgary Police Service (“CPS”). The investigation, which lasted several months, involved the use of so-called confidential informants, extensive surveillance and the covert installation of a hallway video recorder. The police investigation culminated in the execution of a warrant to search the premises which had been monitored by the hallway camera (hereinafter referred to as the “target premises”). A search of the target premises revealed the presence …

4. Regina v. AZS [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – May 2019]

Over the course of 7 months AZS was “alleged” to have been involved in no less than 8 separate hand-to-hand cocaine transactions involving the same Calgary Police Service (“CPS”) undercover officer. To complicate matters, a video was obtained in relation to several of the undercover transactions and on take-down day (the date of AZS’s arrest) he was found in possession of a quantity of cocaine that was obviously packaged for sale. As a consequence of the foregoing, AZS was charged …

1. Regina v. V.D.W.N. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Red Deer – January 2018]

V.D.W.N. was the driver and sole occupant of his truck in downtown Sylvan Lake, Alberta. An astute uniformed member of the RCMP drove past V.D.W.N. and noticed that the truck had an inoperative headlamp and that V.D.W.N. wasn’t wearing a seatbelt. The Mountie pulled a U-turn, pursued and stopped V.D.W.N. According to the Mountie, as he approached the rear of V.D.W.N.’s truck he could smell a strong odour of fresh marihuana. As the Mountie approached the open driver’s window of …

2. Regina v. L.R.K. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Lethbridge – January 2018]

L.R.K.’s only “crime” was to have a significant other who was the target of a sophisticated drug investigation that extended over several months. Not once during the course of the police investigation was L.R.K. ever found to be engaged in remotely suspicious let alone unlawful activity. Information gleaned by way of a multitude of confidential informants and protracted police surveillance led inexorably to only one conclusion – L.R.K. was NOT involved in illegal activity.   On the day of the …

3. Regina v. E.M.M. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Canmore – January 2018]

E.M.M. is a young professional from abroad with tentative legal status in Canada. Following an evening of alcohol fueled festivity, E.M.M. endeavored to walk home in moving traffic with several equally inebriated friends – they didn’t fare well. The police approached E.M.M. and ultimately arrested him for causing a disturbance and escorted him to the RCMP detachment. During the course of processing at the lock-up, the police seized a quantity of cocaine from E.M.M. As a consequence of the seizure, …

4. Regina v. R.U.N. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – February 2018]

The police were in the midst of an ongoing drug investigation when R.U.N. surfaced during surveillance as a potential target. One investigative thing ultimately led to another resulting in the execution of a Warrant to Search on R.U.N.’s residence and a corresponding search of his BMW. As a consequence of a search of R.U.N.’s bedroom the police seized a relatively large amount of cocaine and an assault rifle. A search of the BMW revealed the presence of multiple individually wrapped …

5. Regina v. B.A.G. [Court of Queen’ s Bench of Alberta, Calgary – March 2018]

This is another RCMP “Pipeline” case. At approximately 2:00 a.m. B.A.G. was driving his vehicle back to Calgary from B.C. on Highway #1. B.A.G. was pulled over by an RCMP highway patrolman just east of the entrance way to Banff National Park. The reason given by the Mountie for the stop was . . . “speeding”. Well one thing led to another at roadside and ultimately the Mountie decided to arrest B.A.G. for possession of a controlled substance. The Mountie’s …

6. Regina v. G.J.M. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – March 2018]

  The Calgary Police Service (“CPS”) Drug Unit received information from a reliable confidential source that G.J.M. and a multitude of others were actively involved in a “Dial-a-Dope” cocaine trafficking enterprise. Fixed with this information, the police deployed an undercover team to arrange a meeting with G.J.M. to facilitate a cocaine transaction. The efforts of the police in this regard were successful and an undercover officer purchased street level quantities of cocaine from G.J.M. on at least 3 separate occasions …

7. Regina v. N.S.N. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – June 2018]

In the Spring of 2016 the CPS Gang Enforcement Team (“GET”) targeted N.S.N. as a potential drug trafficker. After conducting protracted surveillance of N.S.N. the police came to associate him and his alleged drug trafficking activity with a condominium in Airdrie. As part of the investigation the police installed a covert camera in the hallway just outside N.S.N.’s condominium – the police did not obtain judicial authorization to install the covert hallway camera. The state of the law across this …

8. Regina v. K.S.R. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – July 2018]

K.S.R. was the target of a “dynamic take-down” by the Calgary Police Service (“CPS”). Specifically, the police stopped K.S.R.’s Range Rover and ordered K.S.R. at gunpoint to exit the vehicle. According to the police, they had information which led them to believe that K.S.R. may be armed and dangerous. After a brief stand-off, K.S.R. exited the vehicle whereupon he was immediately apprehended, taken-down and arrested. According to the police they detected the strong scent of fresh marihuana emanating from the …

9. Regina v. R.Q.R. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – July 2018]

R.Q.R. was driving his vehicle when the police apparently noticed that he failed to signal a lane change. Consequently, the police stopped R.Q.R. and requested his license, registration and insurance. As R.Q.R. reached to retrieve the documentation, the police observed a bag of crack cocaine hanging out of his left jacket pocket. Not surprisingly, the police immediately arrested R.Q.R. for possession of crack cocaine and conducted a search of his person and vehicle incidental to that arrest. As a consequence …

10. Regina v. K.E.E. [Provincial Court of Alberta, Calgary – July 2018]

K .E.E. became the target of a police drug trafficking investigation back in September 2016. During the period extending from September 2016 until early December 2016 the police engaged in ongoing surveillance of K.E.E. and his associates. Specifically, not only did the police observe K.E.E. engaged in a multitude of meetings of short duration consistent (in the opinion of the police) with drug trafficking but they actually apprehended persons meeting with K.E.E. As a consequence of those apprehensions, the police …

11. Regina v. AMB [Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta (Calgary) – October, 2018]

The Calgary Police Service (“CPS”) Drug Unit engaged in a lengthy sophisticated investigation into the alleged drug trafficking activities of AMB and various other targets involving heroin, cocaine and fentanyl. In November 2016 an undercover officer of the CPS met with AMB and purchased a street quantity of heroin. AMB was not arrested immediately after the drug transaction as the police were concerned that such an arrest would compromise their investigation of a multitude of other targets. The investigation concluded …

12. Regina v. S.K.P. [Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta (Calgary) – October, 2018]

On September 23, 2016 at approximately 5:00 p.m. a uniformed member of the RCMP stopped an eastbound Nissan for speeding on Highway No. 1 near Lake Louise, Alberta. While pursuing the Nissan the Constable also noted that it had a broken tail lamp. According to the Constable, when he approached the passenger side of the Nissan he immediately detected the scent of cannabis marijuana emanating from inside the vehicle. As a consequence of the foregoing, S.K.P. was removed from the …

13. Regina v. C.T.T. [Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta (Calgary) – October, 2018]

In early 2017 members of the Calgary Police Service Gang Enforcement Team (GET) entered into an investigation relative to the alleged drug trafficking activities of C.T.T. Specifically, confidential information led the police to believe that C.T.T. was involved in a mid to high level drug trafficking operation in which he was supplying street level dealers with large quantities of cannabis marijuana and cocaine. During the course of the police investigation C.T.T. was observed engaged (according to the police) in activity …

14. Regina v. H.J.O. [Provincial Court of (Calgary) – November, 2018]

At approximately midnight in October 2017 H.J.O. was observed operating a black SUV at a high rate of speed within the City of Calgary. The police observed H.J.O. drive through a stop sign in a residential area thereby placing (according to the police) numerous pedestrians in the area at substantial risk. The police pursued and stopped H.J.O.’s vehicle and , when approaching the driver’s door , they detected the scent of what they believed to the cannabis marijuana. The police …

15. Regina v. S.A.A. [Court of Queen’s Bench Of Alberta (Calgary) – November, 2018]

During the summer of 2017 the Calgary Police Service received information that S.A.A. was trafficking in controlled substances. Consequently, the police launched an undercover operation during which a police undercover officer was successful in purchasing drugs from S.A.A. on three separate occasions. Undercover Buy #1 After a number of brief text messages between S.A.A. and the undercover officer (hereinafter referred to as the “U/C”) the U/C met with S.A.A. and purchased ten morphine (oxycodone) pills. According to the U/C, S.A.A. …

16. Regina v. F.A.H. [Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta (Calgary) – December, 2018]

During the month of March 2017 the Calgary Police Service received information alleging that F.A.H. was actively trafficking in cocaine and cannabis marijuana. Consequently, the police embarked upon a drug investigation which involved several days of surveillance. According to the police, they observed nine separate incidents of F.A.H. being involved in activity consistent with drug trafficking. The police gathered sufficient information to obtain a warrant to search the residence of F.A.H. and that search yielded the following items of investigative …